Nãda Upãsanã, Gãndharva Vidyã And Manipuri Dance

The Yãjñavalkya Smriti states that “the person who has mastery over the Vina, the Shrutis and rhythm can surely walk on the Path of Liberation.” The entire Cosmos is built from vibrations. When the human form resonates to the hidden Laya (rhythm), Tãla (beat), Chhanda (metre) and Dhvani (melody) of the Universe, it experiences the finite manifestation of Divinity. Once it experiences this finite manifestation, it leads to the experience of the Infinite Divinity and ultimate Moksha.

According to the Swacchandatantra, Nãda is present in its sublime form in all the vital elements — earth, fire, air, water, space. Shiva and Shakti reside within Nãda.

Varna, the letters of the alphabet, are of two kinds : Swara (vowels) and Vyanjana (consonants). The Vyanjanas are considered male energy and Swaras female energy. Until the two .— consonants and vowels — combine together to form a word, it cannot find physical expression; no word can be pronounced correctly. The Ardhanãrishwara (half male, half female) form of Mahadeva is the symbol of Shivashaktyãtmaka yoga.

In several other methods of yoga, we concentrate only on one of the aspects of God, namely Shiva or Shakti. However in the path of Nãda Brahma, both have to be combined. Shiva without Shakti is lifeless.13 The great king Janaka, although living in society, was considered a great yogi. The secret of his non- attachment (to the material world) was his understanding of this underlying principle of “Shivashaktyãtmaka Yoga”, the merging of the external and internal worlds into the transcendent.

The Saundarya Lahari has stated that where there is enjoyment of the senses, there is no Moksha, and where there is Moksha there cannot be enjoyment of the senses.

However according to Sundarisãdhana it is possible to combine both Yoga and Bhoga when practicing Shivashaktyãtmaka yoga. The human body is made from both Shiva and Shakti. The five elements of Shakti are skin, flesh, blood, fat and bones, while the elements of Shiva are muscle, semen, pral)a (the vital airs) and jiva (life force). The fusion of these nine elements creates the human body.

The entire Sanskrit alphabet contains fifty letters known as “Mãtrikãs’ which indicate sound vibrations and represent varying intensities of the energies working in the different chakras in the body.

The chakra centres are as given in the table history